The Alhambra in Granada is a stone carved manifesto of Arabian rule in Spain and is one of the most beautiful examples of Islamic architecture.
After the conquest of Granada in 1237 Sultan Mohammed I laid the foundation stone for his new manor and his own dynasty. Subsequently, the Nasrid family ruled the Emirate up until the fall of Granada in 1492 and continuously expanded the Alhambra into a complex citadel. Beside the ruler’s throne and the private chambers it also includes the mosque, government and Administration buildings as well as enchanting courtyards and gardens.
The Courtyard of the Lions (Patio de los Leones) impressively shows the typical Nasrid style, abundancy of decorative elements: pillars, arches, arabesques, inscriptions and the pointed stalactite alcoves named Muqarnas. With good reason the poet Ibn Zamrak’s inscription on the fountain’s edge reads: «Blessed is the eye that sees this garden of beauty».